Student Handbook: Grading (2023)

HGSE Grading System

Two grading systems are used at HGSE: letter grade, and satisfactory (“SAT”)/no credit (“NCR”). Letter grades are A, A-, B+, etc., down to D-; F is failing.

(Video) Student Handbook Grades 11/12

  • For Ed.D., Ph.D.,and Ed.L.D. students: If a grade below B+ is received, the grades in other courses must be such that the overall average is equal to or better than B+ for a student to be eligible to graduate. In order to receive a satisfactory (“SAT”) grade, students are required to produce work of B- or better quality; otherwise they will be graded “NCR” and receive no credit.
  • For Ed.M. and C.A.S. students: If a grade below B- is received, the grades in other courses must be such that the overall average is equal to or better than B- for a student to be eligible to graduate. In order to receive a satisfactory (“SAT”) grade, students are required to produce work of B- or better quality; otherwise they will be graded “NCR” and receive no credit.

If a student is required to repeat a course for academic reasons, the course will count only once toward the degree. Only the higher of the two grades will be used to compute grade-average requirements for the degree. Tuition charges for repeated courses may only be considered once for inclusion in a financial aid budget even if tuition is assessed twice.

To arrive at a grade average, the scale below is applied. Please note: affiliated faculties such as the Harvard Kennedy School and the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health assign grades of A+ but HGSE does not.


The point score for all letter grades is divided by the number of letter grades and adjusted for the number of credits (e.g., an eight-credit course counts double, and a two-credit module counts half). To graduate, the resulting grade average must be at least a B- (2.67 after rounding to two decimal places) for C.A.S. and Ed.M. students and at least a B+ (3.33 after rounding to two decimal places) for Ed.D., Ph.D., and Ed.L.D. students (including Ed.D. and Ph.D. students receiving the Ed.M. degree). Except in very unusual cases, the Director for Master’s Studies or Director for Doctoral Studies will permit a student to take no more than one additional course if such a course is needed to bring the average up to the standard for graduation.

(Video) 2019-20 Student Handbook Grades 9-10

Grade Options

Students are expected to indicate their grade option (letter grade or satisfactory/no credit) for each course selected at course enrollment. Ed.M. students must take at least 16 credits for a letter grade. Cross-registered courses taken satisfactory/no credit (or the equivalent option at the host School) do not count toward this 16-credit minimum. Cross-registered courses taken for letter grades (or the equivalent option at the host School) do count toward this 16-credit minimum but are included in the student's grade point average only if they are based on the letter grade scale used at HGSE. If an instructor requires that all students receive letter grades or satisfactory/no credit grades, the instructor’s grading system overrides the student’s preference, if different. Students may change grade options viamy.harvard (see the Academic Calendar for fall semester and spring semester deadlines). In cases where the instructor requires that all students be graded with a letter grade or a satisfactory/no credit, it is not necessary for students to adjust their original choices.

Grade options primarily exist at HGSE. While some instructors in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences may state that options exist, the pass/fail option that they refer to is for undergraduates only. Graduate students must accept letter grades in regular courses offered by the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, except for some 300-level courses in which HGSE students may receive a grade of “Satisfactory.” Grades issued through cross-registration are recorded as such and are not converted by HGSE.

Grade Appeals

Evaluation of a student's performance in each course is the responsibility of the instructor of record for that course. Normally, the instructor's decision is final. After an instructor has submitted the final course grade for a student inmy.harvard, a subsequent grade change may be submitted along with a reason for the change. If the grade submitted initially was incorrect due to a mathematical, administrative, or other clerical error, then the grade change will be posted immediately. If the grade change is submitted for any other reason, the HGSE Registrar will refer the grade change submission by the faculty member to the Academic Dean for review.

(Video) 18 19 Student Handbook Grades 11&12

If students have questions regarding a grade, they are encouraged to follow up directly with the instructor for more clarity. In some cases, a clerical error is realized. In others, the instructor needs to explain the rationale for that grade (assuming no mistakes were made). However, a student who feels that a grade is unfair has the right to appeal formally to the Academic Dean. This appeal must be filed within one week from when the grade was submitted to the Office of the Registrar and must include a memo outlining the grounds for appeal with specific examples supporting the claim that the grade was unjust. Ordinarily, the Academic Dean will resolve the appeal based on available evidence. However, the Academic Dean may refer the appeal to the Committee on Rights and Responsibility if they deem that the initial evidence points to breaches of the HGSE or University academic or community standards.

Incomplete Grades and Coursework Extensions

Incomplete (“INC”) grades are granted to students only at the discretion of the instructor. Students should not expect to receive an INC automatically if coursework is not completed on time. In cases where students have failed to submit all course assignments by the end of the semester, the instructor will determine whether the grade will be INC, NCR (No Credit), or an appropriate letter grade.

If an instructor is willing to grant a student an INC grade, the instructor will assign a grade of INC and list all the requirements to complete the course, as well as a specific due date, in my.harvard. The student will be notified once the grade of INC is assigned, and that action is needed. The student must then acknowledge the terms of the contract by going to the To-Do section of my.harvard and following the steps. In order to enroll in future courses, the contract must be acknowledged. Exception: if the coursework is to be completed before grades are due, no contract is needed. Note: May graduates are expected to finish all coursework on or before the end of the spring exam period.

(Video) 2017 18 Student Handbook Video Grades 9 10

If a student and instructor submit an Incomplete Grade Contract, then the maximum amount of time a student may be given to complete coursework is one term. For example, if a student receives an INC in a fall course, then work for that course must be completed during the spring term and graded no later than the spring grades are due. Likewise, if a student receives an INC in a spring course, then work for that course must be completed during the summer term and graded no later than July 31. As a reminder, May graduates are expected to finish all coursework on or before the end of the spring exam period.; therefore, May degree candidates are not eligible for an INC grade

Even if the student’s registration status during the term is leave of absence, the student must complete coursework during this time frame. Note: although a student may be given a maximum of one semester to complete coursework, the student may be given an earlier deadline by the instructor. In all cases, the deadline on the contract is considered to be the official deadline by which the student must complete work and a grade must be assigned for that particular course.

If the student does not complete coursework and obtains a final grade by the deadline designated in the Incomplete Grade Contract, the INC becomes a permanent grade (“INP,” or permanent incomplete), NCR (no credit), or letter grade, unless the student has petitioned successfully for an extension. In this instance, the student's original choice of grade option (letter grade or SAT/NCR) may be overridden by the instructor. Extensions to the incomplete contract are rarely granted and, if so, only with the agreement of the course instructor (who must be a current member of the HGSE faculty). Appeals for extensions must be submitted in writing to the Director for Master’s Studies or Director for Doctoral Studies prior to the deadline for completion of work with the course instructor's signature and the date by which the student will be submitting the remaining coursework.

(Video) JHS Student Handbook Grades 11/12 (2017-2018)

If Ed.M. or C.A.S. students receive an INP in a course that is needed to fulfill academic requirements, they must petition the Director for Master’s Studies to be allowed to take a substitute course. Ordinarily, such permission is granted for one course only. Upon graduation or termination of degree candidacy, any outstanding INC grades will be converted to INP grades. See below section on Master’s of Education (Ed.M.) Program Policies for more on Foundations requirements.

Grades of Incomplete (INC) will be replaced with final grades as soon as grades are submitted by the faculty member in my.harvard. Please note that a permanent incomplete grade (INP) is a final grade and cannot be replaced for another grade. It is important for students to verify their grade appears in my.harvard if they wish to graduate in the semester in which the coursework is completed. Students may not register for a new semester with more than one Incomplete.

Foundations Incompletes and NCR grades

Students may carry up to one grade of INC (incomplete) from summer and August Term Foundations courses into the fall semester. Any more than one INC grade from summer and August Term Foundations courses must be resolved by the Fall add/drop deadline in mid-September; after this date, students will receive a grade of NCR (no credit) or INP (permanent incomplete) for those courses. If the student receives a grade of NCR or INP in more than one Foundations course the student will be withdrawn from the Ed.M. program and will be charged accordingly. See table in the Insurance and Billing Post-Withdrawal section. See the section on Ed.M. Program Policies for implications of receiving an NCR or INP in one of these courses.

(Video) Student Handbook


What should be included in a student handbook? ›

The Student Handbook contains information about support services, student rights and responsibilities and College and academic policies. The Student Handbook also includes a daily planning calendar with important dates and deadlines listed for your convenience.

What is the main purpose of student handbook? ›

The Student Handbook provides information regarding student's involvement in the curricular, co-curricular and extra-curricular activities of the school. It serves as a resource document of the policies, rules and guidelines of the school for any courses of action and decisions.

Is 68 a passing grade? ›

A letter grade of a D is technically considered passing because it not a failure. A D is any percentage between 60-69%, whereas a failure occurs below 60%.

Is a 59 a passing grade? ›

D - this is still a passing grade, and it's between 59% and 69%

What is given in teachers handbook? ›

The present Handbook for Teachers is a source of information to teachers for the procedures, policies, roles, responsibilities, awards and resources related to their professional life.

Can you cite a student handbook? ›

If you're going to refer to a handbook or technical manual in your academic writing, you need to cite it correctly. In this post, we'll explain how to cite a manual or handbook in APA style, covering in-text citations and the reference list entry.

What is the objective of a handbook? ›

A well-written handbook provides employees with a clear understanding of their responsibilities. The handbook also serves as a compass for the organization's policies and procedures. For example, it advises employees what the procedures are for requesting time off or a vacation.

What are the advantages of handbook in education? ›

  • • It is a device for review work.
  • • It suggests the teacher to adopt appropriate strategies to teach every topic.
  • • Finding the learning experiences for each topic is easy.
  • • Tangible evidence for the progress of students.
  • • Work of the teacher is fostered.

Why is a handbook called a handbook? ›

handbook (n.) Old English handboc "handbook, manual;" see hand (n.) + book (n.). It translates Latin manualis, and was displaced in Middle English by manual (from French), and later in part by enchiridion (from Greek).

What GPA is failing? ›

F GPA. An F letter grade is equivalent to a 0.0 GPA, or Grade Point Average, on a 4.0 GPA scale, and a percentage grade of 65 or below.

Is C failing in college? ›

A grade of C or better is required to earn a Passed; a C- or below will earn a Not Passed grade. A grade of C- may satisfy many requirements (e.g., General Education, elective) but a Not Passed grade will not earn any credit or satisfy requirements.

Is D considered failing? ›

At most schools, a D is the lowest passing grade. That means students who earn a D or higher receive credit for the course. However, some schools set special policies around D grades. For example, at Lehigh, a D counts as a passing grade but does not meet prerequisite requirements.

What is the highest GPA? ›

The unweighted scale is most common, and the highest possible GPA on this scale is a 4.0. The unweighted scale doesn't take the difficulty of a student's classes into account. Weighted scales are also used at many high schools. Typically, they go up to a 5.0.

Is a 67 failing? ›

The number grades correspond to letter grades as reflected in the chart below. The minimum passing grade is 70 (C). Any grades between 55 and 69 (D and F) are considered failing grades for which unit credit is not earned.

Is there such thing as an A ++ grade? ›

For example, an A/A- is numerically (95+91.25)/2=93.125, which is an A slightly lower than 95/A. A frequent complaint is that you "lose 5 points" for a 95=A. But I treat 100 as more like an A++. So the few students who achieved a perfect score in all 7 quizzes deserve 100.

Which 4 important documents must a teacher have and know? ›

Annual teaching plan, Assessment plan, Formal assessment tasks and memoranda, Indication of Textbook(s) and any resources used, Record sheet containing learners' marks for each formal assessment task and informal notes or any intervention that is planned by the teacher to assist learners who require additional support ...

What are 3 instructions a teacher might give? ›

A Guide to Giving Clear Instructions to Students (That They Will Actually Follow)
  1. Use Clear and Precise Language. ...
  2. Repeat Your Directions. ...
  3. Explain the Purpose of the Task. ...
  4. Make Sure Your Students Understand. ...
  5. Use an Appropriate Tone. ...
  6. Describe the Specifics. ...
  7. Provide Examples. ...
  8. Break Tasks into Manageable Chunks.

What is a teacher grade book? ›

Gradebooks allow teachers to get an overview of class performance without having to scroll, allowing teachers to instantly compare students' grades without straining their eyes by constantly looking at a screen.

Is a handbook a reference book? ›

Use reference books (also called reference or background sources, or resources) to get quick specific facts or information or an overview of a subject. Some examples of reference sources are: dictionaries, encyclopedias, bibliographies, almanacs, directories, atlases, and handbooks.

How do you quote from a handbook? ›

If the handbook does not name a specific author, put the name of the organization that produced the handbook in the Author element. Then give the title of the handbook in quotation marks (since it is an unpublished work) or a description if there is no title. Provide the date of the handbook, if given.

What sources is handbook? ›

The dictionary defines a handbook as: (1) a book of instruction or guidance, as for an occupation; manual, (2) a guidebook for travelers, (3) a reference book in a particular field, or (4) a scholarly book on a specific subject, often consisting of separate essays or articles.

What key points will you need to include in the handbook? ›

What to Include in Your Employee Handbook
  • a welcome for new staff;
  • the background and culture of the company;
  • mission and vision statements;
  • workplace code of conduct;
  • workplace health and safety policies;
  • hours of work;
  • leave processes and procedures;
  • pay and benefits;
Sep 9, 2020

What is the difference between a handbook and a manual? ›

The handbook sets the tone for your organization by outlining your policies and expectations. At the same time, the HR manual sets out procedures to make sure those policies and expectations are handled consistently and in compliance with employment laws from the very start.

Why is a handbook important? ›

An employee handbook can be a valuable communication resource for both the employer and the employee. It provides guidance and information related to the organization's history, mission, values, policies, procedures and benefits in a written format.

What are the disadvantages of handbook? ›

Disadvantages of Employee Handbook:
  • Regular updates needed: ...
  • The proper drafting of handbook required: ...
  • Expensive procedure for the company: ...
  • Clear communication needed: ...
  • The presentation and the design are must: ...
  • Consistent application of the handbook is required: ...
  • High preassumptions are created:

What is the difference between handbook and textbook? ›

Handbooks are portable guides designed for student-centered writing instruction in ELA classes and across the curriculum. Textbooks are omnibuses designed for teacher-centered writing instruction, chapter by chapter.

How many pages is a handbook? ›

An employee handbook should be about 30-50 pages long. Be as concise as possible when writing your employee handbook, as a long, rambling document will deter employees. Include what you need to include, but do so in brief, clear language.

What are the types of handbooks? ›

A handbook can come in several forms, such as a manual for completing tasks, or a guidebook providing information about a subject, region, etc. (such as a travel guidebook). Handbooks are often designed for quick consultation and easy portability.

Is a handbook an academic source? ›

Textbooks, encyclopedias, and books published for commercial audiences often do not count as academic.

What GPA is all low A's? ›

Essentially, the highest GPA you can earn is a 4.0, which indicates an A average in all of your classes. A 3.0 would indicate a B average, a 2.0 a C average, a 1.0 a D, and a 0.0 an F. This scale does not take the levels of your courses into account.

What GPA is all C's? ›

Common examples of grade conversion are: A+ (97–100), A (93–96), A- (90–92), B+ (87–89), B (83–86), B- (80–82), C+ (77–79), C (73–76), C- (70–72), D+ (67–69), D (65–66), D- (below 65).

Is 2.0 a passing GPA? ›

Maintaining a minimum 2.0 GPA is often necessary to participate in sports, extracurricular activities, and selected classes. A 2.0 GPA meets high school graduation requirements but most colleges—and some trade schools—expect a high school GPA of at least 3.0 (B) or better.

What is a 2.5 GPA in college? ›

A 2.5 GPA corresponds to a C average, making it a common starting GPA for many colleges and universities, even some more competitive institutions — though acceptance at that level would be a long shot.

Will one C affect college? ›

If you receive one C during your high school years, it may ultimately affect your chances of getting into a top school. However, it won't automatically exclude you from one. Instead, it will make earning an acceptance a little harder for you, as you'll have to compensate in other areas.

What is a good GPA for first semester of college? ›

“Freshmen with first-semester GPAs of up to 2.33 should be targeted as particularly vulnerable to attrition.” University and federal student aid policies require that students maintain a cumulative 2.0 GPA – a C average – on a 4.0 scale.

Do freshman year grades matter? ›

Lots of colleges, particularly private schools, will consider your freshman grades. And beyond just the impact on your GPA, your academic performance as a freshman can influence which classes you'll be eligible to take as a sophomore.

Will D affect my GPA? ›

If you finish the course at the “D” or “F” level, you will receive a “No Pass (NP)” on your transcript. 3. Will Pass/No Pass affect my grade point average (GPA)? No in most instances.

What is grade H? ›

H Honors. Signifies outstanding work. No grade points are assigned. S Satisfactory. Signifies acceptable work.

What is a 7.0 GPA? ›

Your grade point average (GPA) is the average result of all your grades and is calculated on a 7-point grading scale. 7 being the highest (HD), and 0 is the lowest (fail).

Is it possible to have a 6.0 GPA? ›

It Depends on the Scale

Typically, high schools that use weighted GPAs opt for the 0-5 scale that makes 5.0 the highest possible grade. A GPA higher than 5.0 is rare, but school point systems are occasionally structured so that students taking advanced classes can rack up bonus points.

What is a respectable GPA? ›

The average high school GPA is around 3.0, or a B average. This also happens to be the minimum requirement for many college scholarships, though a 3.5 or higher is generally preferable. GPA plays a key role in college admissions.

Is a 54 percent an F? ›

B: 84 to 70 percent. C: 69 to 55 percent. D: 54 to 40 percent.

Is 35 a passing score? ›

The percentage of students who pass practically all exams in India 33 percent in all reputable schools. Therefore, we can quickly get the passing score out of 35.

Is 35 a passing grade? ›

The marks 35 out of 100 is a pass mark which is acknowledged by any recognised School Board of India.

Does the grade F exist? ›

A majority of schools in the United States, particularly beyond primary age, give grades of A, B, C, D, or F.

What does F mean in grades? ›

The following definitions will be used as a guide for the assignment of All Courses grades. F – Failed, Unacceptable Level of Achievement.

What does N mean in grades? ›

Non-credit. " N" grades do not count toward a. student's degree, grade point average or academic progress for purposes of financial aid eligibility.

What are the features of a handbook? ›

A handbook must allow its users to carry out in full the tasks, actions and activities for which they are responsible, using the least resources possible, whether human, material, financial or informational.

What books should be in a classroom library? ›

I hope, among your vast library, you have some of the classics like the Junie B.
High School (9–12)
  • The People We Keep by Allison Larkin. ...
  • Black Birds in the Sky by Brandy Colbert. ...
  • The Midnight Library by Matt Haig. ...
  • I am Malala by Malala Yousafzai. ...
  • Stuck in Neutral by Terry Trueman. ...
  • Firekeeper's Daughter by Angeline Boulley.
Jul 1, 2022

What type of book is a handbook? ›

The dictionary defines a handbook as: (1) a book of instruction or guidance, as for an occupation; manual, (2) a guidebook for travelers, (3) a reference book in a particular field, or (4) a scholarly book on a specific subject, often consisting of separate essays or articles.

What is a handbook in education? ›

Handbook for Students

The handbook includes details regarding the academic, examinations, personality enhancement activities, disaster management, cyber safety and other administrative procedures which are related to the subjects and changing date of birth.

What makes a good school handbook? ›

Most handbooks include elements such as an introduction to the school, a directory of staff members, information about educational programs, attendance information, and a calendar of events.

What is the ideal number of books per child in a classroom library? ›

Some experts say that a classroom library should have at least 500 books. Others say that a library needs 20 titles per student. Another formula says seven books per child plus two new books per student a year. (You can see more about some of these numbers here.)

What are the 4 types of books? ›

Types of Books
  • Non-fiction.
  • Edited (non-fiction)
  • Reference (non-fiction)
  • Fiction.
Nov 16, 2022

How many books per student should a classroom library have? ›

a school library that meets resource recommendations of 15-20 books per child.

What is the difference between a handbook and a book? ›

A handbook is a type of reference work, or other collection of instructions, that is intended to provide ready reference. The term originally applied to a small or portable book containing information useful for its owner, but the Oxford English Dictionary defines the current sense as "any book ...


1. Student Handbook
(Sonora High School)
2. 2019-2020 JHS Student Handbook Presentation
(Joe Knopick)
3. 2019 Student Progression, Promotion, and Grading Handbook
4. EGTI Student Handbook
(Erskine Green Training Institute)
5. Student Handbook Day 1
(Rebecca Venable)
6. Student Handbook
(Virtual University of Pakistan)


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